TYPHOON

The Eurofighter Typhoon

 

 

is a twin-engine, canard-delta wing, multirole fighter. The Typhoon was designed by a consortium of three companies, EADS, Alenia Aeronautica and BAE Systems, working through a holding company, Eurofighter GmbH, which was formed in 1986.

 

It was initially introduced into service in 2003.

The project is managed by the NATO Eurofighter and Tornado Management Agency, which acts as the prime customer.

 

Eurofighter Typhoon is being produced serially by the EADS, Alenia Aeronautica, and BAE Systems consortium. The aircraft is being procured under separate contracts, named tranches, each for aircraft with generally improved capabilities.

 

The Typhoon has entered service with the Austrian Air Force, the Italian Air Force, the German Air Force, the British Royal Air Force, the Spanish Air Force, and the Royal Saudi Air Force.

 

Role

 

Manufacturer

 

First flight

 

Introduction

 

Status

 

Primary users

 

 

 

 

Produced

 

Number built

Multirole fighter

 

Eurofighter GmbH

 

March 1994[1]

 

August 2003

 

In service

 

Royal Air Force

German Air Force (Luftwaffe)

Italian Air Force

Spanish Air Force

 

1994-present

 

340+ as of November 2012, 471 ordered (as of January 2009)

 

The Typhoon Direct Voice Input (DVI) system utilizes a speech recognition module (SRM), developed by Smiths Aerospace (now GE Aviation Systems) and Computing Devices (now General Dynamics UK). It was the first production DVI system utilized in a military cockpit.

 

DVI provides the pilot with an additional natural mode of command and control over approximately 26 non-critical cockpit functions, to reduce pilot workload, improve aircraft safety, and expand mission capabilities.

 

An important step in the development of the DVI occurred in 1987 when Texas Instruments completed the TMS-320-C30, a digital signal processor, enabling reductions in the size and system complexity required.

 

General characteristics

 

 

Crew: 1 (operational aircraft) or 2 (training aircraft)

 

Length: 15.96 m (52.4 ft)

 

Wingspan: 10.95 m (35.9 ft)

 

Height: 5.28 m (17.3 ft)

 

Wing area: 51.2 m²[247] (551 sq ft)

 

Empty weight: 11,150 kg (24,600 lb)

 

Loaded weight: 16,000 kg[247][248] (35,000 lb)

 

Max. takeoff weight: 23,500 kg (52,000 lb)

 

Powerplant: 2 × Eurojet EJ200 afterburning turbofan Dry thrust: 60 kN (13,000 lbf) each

 

Thrust with afterburner: 89 kN (20,000 lbf) each

 

Fuel capacity: 4,500 kg (9,900 lb) internal

 

Maximum speed:

 

At altitude: Mach 2 (2,124 km/h/1,320 mph)

 

At sea level: Mach 1.2[246] (1,470 km/h/910 mph)

 

Range: 2,900 km (1,800 mi)