Bialo-Czerwone Iskry History
The team was established in the spring of 1984 and their first performance was on July 5, in Poznan.
In 1989, the team was unofficially named “Iskry” (Sparks) and began performing with seven TS-11 Iskra trainers - a six-ship formation with one solo pilot. In 1991, their aircraft received the present white and red color scheme and they made their public debut under this name in Poznan airshow. Later on August 8, the “Iskry” team made its foreign debut by visiting Hungary and then on September 7 by performing in Belgium.
On May 3, 1993 the team increased to nine aircraft plus one solo pilot. In 1995, Team “Iskry” flew at the RIAT airshow in Fairford using this new formation.
In 1998, the team was re-organized once again and reduced to eight aircraft with two being solo pilots. On November 11, 1998, a fatal crash interrupted the team existence for two years. The crash happened when one of the team's planes had simply taken off to check the weather conditions, in preparation for the team's upcoming fly-over of the Warszawa parade.
On June 17, 2000, the team moved to its present home base in Deblin and became part of the 1st Flying Training Center.
At this time the team’s name was changed to “Bialo- Czerwone Iskry” (White-Red Sparks), and reduced to seven aircraft with one solo.
The PZL TS-11 Iskra
The PZL TS-11 Iskra (English: Spark) is a Polish jet trainer aircraft, used by the air forces of Poland and India. It is notable as the main training aircraft of the Polish Army, the oldest jet still in service in Poland - and one of the most reliable.
- Crew: Two - student and instructor
- Length: 11.15 m (36 ft 7 in)
- Wingspan: 10.06 m (33 ft 0 in)
- Height: 3.50 m (11 ft 5½ in)
- Wing area: 17.5 m² (188 ft²)
- Empty weight: 2,560 kg (5,644 lb)
- Loaded weight: 3,734 kg (8,215 lb)
- Max. takeoff weight: 3,840 kg (8,470 lb)
- Powerplant: 1 × WSK SO-3 turbojet, 9.81 kN (2,205 lbf)
- Never exceed speed: 750 km/h (Mach 0.8, 404 knots, 466 mph)
- Maximum speed: 720km/h (388 knots, 447 mph) at 5,000m (16,400 ft)
- Cruise speed: 600 km/h (324 knots, 373 mph)
- Stall speed: 140 km/h (92 knots, 106 mph) (power off, flaps down)
- Range: 1,250 km (673 nmi, 776 mi)
- Service ceiling: 11,000 m (36,000 ft)
- Rate of climb: 14.8 m/s (2,913 ft/min)
- Wing loading: 213 kg/m² (43.6 lb/ft²)
- Thrust/weight: 0.30
-1x 23 mm NS-23 or NR-23 cannon in the nose
- 4 underwing pylons
- up to 400 kg (880 lb) of bombs or unguided S-5 rocket pods Mars-4 (4 rockets) or Zeus-1 gun packs.