767

 

The Boeing 767

 

 

is a mid-size, wide-body twin-engine jet airliner built by Boeing Commercial Airplanes. It was the manufacturer's first wide-body twinjet and its first airliner with a two-crew glass cockpit.

 

The aircraft features two turbofan engines, a conventional tail, and for reduced aerodynamic drag, a supercritical wing design.

 

Designed as a smaller wide-body airliner than preceding aircraft such as the 747, the 767 has a capacity of 181 to 375 persons and a design range of 3,850 to 6,385 nautical miles (7,130 to 11,825 km), depending on variant.

 

Development of the 767 occurred in tandem with a narrow-body twinjet, the 757, resulting in shared design features which allow pilots to obtain a common type rating to operate both aircraft.

Role

 

National origin

 

Manufacturer

 

First flight

 

Introduction

 

Status

 

Primary users

 

 

 

 

Produced

 

Number built

 

Unit cost

 

Wide-body jet airliner

 

United States

 

Boeing Commercial Airplanes

 

September, 1981

 

September, 1982 with United Airlines

 

In service

 

Delta Air Lines

American Airlines

All Nippon Airways

United Airlines

 

1981–present

 

1,040 as of December 2012

 

US$160.2 million to US$200.8 million

Depending of version

 

The 767 is produced in three fuselage lengths. The original 767-200 entered service in 1982, followed by the 767-300 in 1986 and the 767-400ER, an extended-range (ER) variant, in 2000. The extended-range 767-200ER and 767-300ER models entered service in 1984 and 1988, respectively, while a production freighter version, the 767-300F, debuted in 1995.

 

Conversion programs have modified passenger 767-200 and 767-300 series aircraft for cargo use, while military derivatives include the E-767 surveillance aircraft, the KC-767 and KC-46 aerial tankers, and VIP transports. Engines featured on the 767 include the General Electric CF6, Pratt & Whitney JT9D and PW4000, and Rolls-Royce RB211 turbofans.

United Airlines first placed the 767 in commercial service in 1982. The aircraft was initially flown on domestic and transcontinental routes, during which it demonstrated the reliability of its twinjet design. In 1985, the 767 became the first twin-engined airliner to receive regulatory approval for extended overseas flights.

 

The aircraft was then used to expand non-stop service on medium- to long-haul intercontinental routes. In 1986, Boeing initiated studies for a higher-capacity 767, ultimately leading to the development of the 777, a larger wide-body twinjet. In the 1990s, the 767 became the most frequently used airliner for transatlantic flights between North America and Europe.

 

As of December 2012, the 767 has received more than 1,100 orders from 71 customers, of which 1,040 have been delivered; 837 of these aircraft were in service in July 2011.

 

The most popular variant is the 767-300ER, with 552 delivered, and Delta Air Lines is the largest operator, with 94 aircraft.

 

Competitors have included the Airbus A300, A310, and A330-200, while a successor, the 787 Dreamliner, entered service in October 2011.